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Macmillan Higher Education Palgrave Higher Education

Hybrid Organizations and the Third Sector

Challenges for Practice, Theory and Policy

ISBN 9780230234635
Publication Date June 2010
Formats Hardcover Ebook Paperback 
Publisher Palgrave

Addressing a key social policy problem, this book analysesmodern voluntary organizationsthrough the lens of a new theory of hybrid organisations, which is tested and developed in the context of a range of case studies. Essential reading for all interested in the future of the third sector.

DAVID BILLIS is Reader Emeritus at the London School of Economics. In 1978 he founded PORTVAC, the first university-based programme working with voluntarily organizations. In 1987 he became Director of the LSE Centre for Voluntary Organisation which extended the work of PORTVAC. The Centre was later renamed the Centre for Civil Society. He co-founded the journal Nonprofit Management and Leadership. He is the only non-American to receive the Distinguished Lifetime Achievement Award from ARNOVA the leading international third sector research association. Recent posts include Visiting Professor at Imperial College. He has extensive research and consultancy experience in the public, private and third sector and has published widely in these areas. His books include Organisational Design, Welfare Bureaucracies, and Organising Public and Voluntary Agencies.

Introduction: From Welfare Bureaucracies to Welfare Hybrids; D.Billis
Towards a Theory of Welfare Hybrids; D.Billis
Third Sector Organizations in a Contradictory Policy Environment; M.Harris
The Governance of Hybrid Organizations; C.Comforth& R.Spear
Volunteers in Hybrid Organizations: A Marginalised Majority? A.Ellis Paine, N.Ockenden& J.Stuart
Community-Based Organizations: Sustainability and Independence; B.Cairns& R.Hutchison
Faith-Based Organizations: A Distinctive Contribution to Welfare? M.Torry
Social Enterprises: Challenges from the Field; M.Aiken
Hybridity in Partnership Working: Managing Tensions and Opportunities; M.Taylor& J.Howard
Social Housing: Agents of Policy or Profits in Disguise? D.Mullins& H.Pawson
Encountering Hybridity: Lessons from Individual Experiences; D.Lewis


This is an excellent book. The chapters are tight, well written, and substantial ... . The contributors are literally some of the rock stars of the world of nonprofit scholarship ... anyone with an interest in nonprofit organizations, the third sector or social policy should want this book. It ought to be required reading for nonprofit academic programs everywhere.' – Voluntas
'David Billis's scholarly contributions mark the history of nonprofit studies in the United Kingdom, and his contributions are of global importance ... [he] offers a new theory on hybrid organizations illuminated through a series of cases in this well-curated and timely volume ... the true strength of this timely volume [is] its import for academics, practitioners, students, policy makers, funders, and students of Third Sector Organizations, sectoral boundaries, and hybrids alike. We now have a clearer lexicon and a clearer analytic framework to guide our exploration. ... highly relevant for those in practice, policy, and academic settings' – Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly
'a valuable addition to reading lists for all those interested in third sector scholarship' – Social Policy & Administration ' ... this book has much to say that is of relevance to those engaged with, or interested in, the third sector? Firstly at the theoretical level there is sound analysis and in the final chapter Billis begins to set out a research agenda to take forward some of the issues raised. Secondly, those engaged with the third sector will recognise the issues and dilemmas they experience daily, consciously or otherwise, in their practice. Lastly, this title is to be recommended to those involved in policy-making.' – Journal of Social Policy
'For a course in international business, organizational theory/ behavior with an international element, international social enterprise, or an entrepreneurship course with an international element, Hybrid Organizations brings significant value ... The reader can draw principles for volunteer management, organizational governance, and interface with governmental agencies. And the implications and questions Billis draws in his concluding chapter provide significant food for planning and action. It is a seminal work providing impetus for research about and refining practice in hybrid third sector organizations. .. a remarkable piece of research.' – The Journal of Biblical Integration in Business
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