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Macmillan Higher Education Palgrave Higher Education

Differentiated Integration

Explaining Variation in the European Union

ISBN 9780230246447
Publication Date November 2012
Formats Paperback Ebook Hardcover 
Publisher Palgrave
Series The European Union Series

Far from displaying a uniform pattern of integration, the European Union varies significantly across policy areas, institutional development and individual countries. Why do some policies such as the Single Market attract non-EU member states, while some member states choose to opt out of other EU policies? In answering these questions, this innovative new text provides a state-of-the-art introduction to the study of European integration.

The authors introduce the most important theories of European integration and apply these to the trajectories of key EU policy areas – including the single market, monetary policy, foreign and security policy, and justice and home affairs. Arguing that no single theory offers a completely convincing explanation of integration and differentiation in the EU, the authors put forward a new analytical perspective for describing and explaining the institutions and policies of the EU and their development over time. Written by a team of prominent scholars in the field, this thought-provoking book provides a new synthesis of integration theory and an original way of thinking about what the EU is and how it works.

Dirk Leuffen is Professor of International Politics at the Department of Politics and Public Administration, University of Konstanz, Germany.

Berthold Rittberger is Professor of International Relations at the Geschwister-Scholl-Institute of Political Science, University of Munich, Germany.

Frank Schimmelfennig is Professor of European Politics at ETH Zurich, Center for Comparative and International Studies, Switzerland.

The European Union as a System of Differentiated Integration
PART I: THEORY Intergovernmentalism
PART II: POLICIES The Single Market
Economic and Monetary Union
Security and Defence
The Area of Freedom, Security, and Justice
Conclusions: Integration and differentiation in the European Union.


A superb book, highly recommended. It offers a pathfinding – and highly successful – attempt to make sense of the differentiation of European integration providing a clear and original theoretical framework and applying it empirically in some of the most important areas of EU policy.' - Mark Pollack, Temple University, USA
'Both profound and accessible. Drawing on the major theories of European integration and their own research, the authors have provided a comprehensive and illuminating overview of the major issues in the study of the European Union.' - Gary Marks, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
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